- 1 Outdoor Empire Recommendations
- 2 Take A Closer Look
- 3 Other Important Factors to Consider
- 4 Leading Brands
- 5 Getting Spotted
If you are into birdwatching and other naturalist activities, hunting, and shooting, a spotting scope is something that you may need and want to spice up your hobby with. Unlike the usual telescopes and binoculars, it has added optics to give you a sharper focus and wider view.
So how do you choose the scope that suits your activity?
Outdoor Empire Recommendations
|Product|| || || || ||
|Objective Lens Diameter||65mm||88mm||65 mm||80mm||80mm|
|Close Focus||32.8 ft||18 ft||16 ft||11.80 ft||20-25 ft|
|Exit Pupil||[email protected] / [email protected]||[email protected], [email protected]||4.3-1.4 mm||-||4.0-1.33 mm|
|Eye Relief||18.3 mm||[email protected], [email protected]||20-15 mm||-||19-18 mm|
|Weight||42.3 oz||28.5 oz||53.3 oz||58.50 oz||56 oz|
|Length||13.4 in||13.2 in||15.8 in||14 in||17 in|
Best for the Money
Bushnell Trophy XLT
If your goal is to combine cost effectiveness and gear functionality, then the Bushnell Trophy XLT is what you’re looking for.
You get a variable magnification of 20 to 60 power with a 65mm objective lens. This gives you a wide range of magnification and a decent field of view. The picture you get is clear and very bright. Seeing large objects at extended ranges is easy.
It is also built to be tough and rugged, which makes it a good choice for birding or hunting. The glass is fully multi-coated and it gives solid clarity.
It is not going to give you the performance that you may need to spot holes in a target at 500 yards. For nature observation, scouting areas, and range performance of up to 200 yards, this bad boy works.
It is water and shockproof, plus you get a complete kit, which is a significant advantage for those who want to save money without compromising effectiveness. The kit includes a tripod, a hard side carrying case, and a soft case. Out of the box, it is ready to go and nothing else is needed.
If budget is the main issue in finding a spotting scope, you need to compromise on a lot of features and just focus on your overall need. A budget scope is never a Jack of all trades. Typically they are capable of doing only one or two things well and being subpar with other tasks. That’s just the honest truth of the matter.
The Barska Benchmark is a compromise. The good news is, it provides you a massive amount of magnification and a large objective lens.
The Barska has a magnification of 25 up to 125x and an 88mm objective lens. Everything about this optic is big. Take note that it is a straight lens optic and is armored, shock and waterproof. The lens focusing system is very intuitive and easy to manipulate.
The massive 125 power magnification range causes a slight distortion when dialed in to the maximum. Using this for finding small holes on a target out to a few hundred yards isn’t going to be easy without a special target.
The Barska Benchmark is perfect for observing nature, scouting the land, and even hunting. For long range target shooting, it lacks the clarity necessary to see hits on targets. You are setting yourself up with a solid spotting scope that delivers a wide field of view and puts you face to face with nature.
Best for Hunting
As a hunter, you have special considerations for all your gear. It needs to be rugged, capable and prepared to explore the great outdoors. The Vortex Viper is certainly well built for the hunter. It comes in a wide variety of magnification ranges.
For hunters, I’d suggest the 15 to 45 power model.
It’s smaller and lighter than other Vortex models. It fits in a pack, so it’s easier to haul through the wilderness.
The Vortex Viper is their mid-tier optic and delivers extremely clear and consistent picture. You can count the antlers on a deer at extended ranges with ease during the day. It has a piece of Picatinny rail built on the system which allows the user to mount an accessory if needed.
You can choose between an angled view lens and a straight lens. Angled gives the user a comfortable and suitable method of scanning in different sitting positions. I prefer a straight eyepiece that allows a hunter to track an animal easier and is trouble-free to use from a tree stand.
The biggest downside is its heaviness. Depending on where you hunt you may want to keep weight as low as possible.
The Vortex Viper is a well-made optic that can take the rough nature of hunting with ease. It is element-proof, shockproof, and can resist water and fog. Nature doesn’t have anything on the Vortex Viper.
Included is a carrying case that is custom fitted to the spotting scope as well as an eyepiece cap and lens cover.
Best for Target Shooting
Leupold’s bread and butter have long been rifle scopes. They’ve designed some of the best in the business and have been used by the military in a variety of roles. A natural extension from rifle scopes is spotting scopes, and a company famed for rifle scopes is quite well versed in shooting.
This makes Leupold’s spotting scopes excellent additions to any long range shooter.
The Leupold Kenai is a good choice for the target shooter. With the right target, a shooter can pinpoint the holes of most centerfire calibers at 300 yards pretty easily. Moving beyond 300 you need to be an experienced spotter, and target selection will be even more important.
The targets are significant because a black target is near impossible to see holes in. A white target or a bright target is important too. In a spotting scope for shooting, the ability to see colors clearly is essential.
The Kenai provides excellent color reproduction and makes spotting the discoloration caused by bullet holes easier and more accurate.
Since you are often scanning an entire target, it’s important to have a consistent picture throughout the entire optic. From edge to edge the Kenai provides a very clear picture, allowing you to see the entire target.
Target shooters who shoot from the prone prefer a straight lens to look through so they can look without shifting their body’s position too much. Angled lens models are sometimes preferred for bench rest shooters.
The Kenai offers both angled and straight models depending on your preference. It has 25 to 60 power, which is the perfect target shooting spotting scope in my opinion.
Best for Birding
Birders are probably some of the pickiest optical fans. As a birder, you want to see a small, usually colorful animal in great detail. You may want to catalog each bird you see. Some look similar to others, so you have to see the details clearly.
A lot of birders like to take pictures so digiscoping is a significant aspect as well.
With all that in mind, the Alpen 788 is what I suggest for birders. It offers the birder 20 to 60 power magnification and an 80mm objective lens that uses a 45 degree angled eyepiece.
The Alpen 788 has an option to mount a simple, point and click digital camera. Most digiscoping scopes only offer threaded lenses associated with larger expensive DSLR cameras. With the 706 adapter, you can mount nearly any digital camera to the unit.
The Bak4 prism also offers a very clear picture and a high refractive index. Clarity throughout the unit is clear from side to side at most magnifications. Once you hit the upper layers, near 60x, you’ll start to see some slight blurring along the peripheral.
The Alpen 788 isn’t the lightest unit either, at 56 ounces it’s no feather. It’s compatible with any standard tripod and is water and fogproof. It’s intuitive and easy to use as well. It is well designed and is perfect for any nature observation.
Take A Closer Look
When choosing a spotting scope for whatever reason, you need to examine both the internal and external parts of the optic. Have a firm understanding of how it works, including the meaning of different terms and features that go with it.
These features also have an effect on cost, clarity, and of course weight.
Angled vs Straight
The angle of your eyepiece isn’t that important and is mainly a personal preference. A straight eyepiece is often better for the prone position and hunters in general. You can scan easily and track a target more naturally with it, and it’s easier to scan areas below you.
You can also mount a spotting scope to a truck or car mount and use it with ease if it’s a straight spotting scope.
Angled scopes offer a major role when it comes to digiscoping. Attaching a camera to a straight lens can be difficult and often throw the entire balance off on a tripod. It is more comfortable for extended viewing and makes birding a lot simpler especially if the birds are up in the sky.
Taller people usually prefer angled scopes for shooting for comfort reasons. Angled scopes are better for looking up and straight spotting scopes for looking down. Both look at ground level perfectly fine.
The eyepiece on any spotting scope is a critical consideration that a buyer should look into. Your eyepiece is going to determine your eye relief, the magnification level, digiscoping ability and the way you view the world through the scope.
Variable VS Fixed
The majority of eyepieces are variable. Meaning the magnification can change with the spin of a dial.
A fixed eyepiece has a system that operates on one magnification setting. A variable is more versatile, but a fixed is often simpler, more durable, and cheaper.
Some eyepieces are designed to give a wide angle view, and others are designed for a traditional round view. Wide angle is more comfortable for extended viewing and allows the user to capture their environment with equal magnification.
Eyepieces also offer different lengths of eye relief. Folks with glasses are better suited with a long eye relief eyepiece.
Some spotting scopes come with interchangeable eyepieces as well. This allows you to change the eye relief, the interior angle, and different degrees. Most models designed for waterproofing do not have interchangeable eyepieces since they expose the internals of the system.
Objective Lens Size
The larger the objective lens is, the greater detail you can see and the exit pupil is higher as well. This applies to an optic with high magnification ratings. The higher magnification, the larger objective lens is needed to make a clear picture.
Size is important, but lens quality is more essential.
A quality lens will go further than a large one any day, consider looking for ratings like HD glass, ED glass, and APO glass too. A large objective lens made of quality glass is the route to take for higher magnifications. This is critical for shooters who are attempting to find small holes in big targets.
Objective lens size is measured in millimeters and often come after the magnification when describing the spotting scope. For example, 25-60x80mm says that the optic is a variable optic with an 80mm objective lens.
Objective lens, magnification, and exit pupil are all linked together. Exit pupil is the size of the light beam exiting the lens. The perfect size will match the size of the user’s eye pupil. The closer the exit pupil is to the eye pupil size, the better the scope works for the user.
Exit pupil is found by dividing the objective lens size by its magnification. As the magnification increases, the exit pupil will shrink. The clearest picture will have the exit pupil matching your eye’s pupil size.
Eye pupils change size depending on the amount of ambient light. In normal and bright conditions the human eye pupil is 2 to 3mm, and at low light conditions, your pupil is roughly 7mm. So an exit pupil closer to 7mm means the spotting scope works better in low light.
Field of View
Field of view, or FOV, is the amount of an area you can see at a particular magnification. It is measured typically at a thousand yards. As magnification increases or range decreases, the field of view shrinks.
The field of view for a spotting scope is mainly tied to the eyepiece. Some are designed to focus more on the center of the optic and others are focused on capturing a wide angle view. Those with long eye relief have a shorter field of view.
Other Important Factors to Consider
Once you grasp the important considerations, you also need to understand the outward effects that a spotting scope may have. These external features are crucial when you are attempting to pair a spotting optic with a particular method of use. Meaning, birders have different needs than hunters.
These requirements change between users and are more subjective.
BaK5 or BK-7 Prism
When searching for spotting scopes, you may run across a prism type, and the most common are the BaK5 prism or a BK-7 prism. The lens corrects your image, without it the image would be upside down.
The BaK5 prism is the superior choice and provides a clearer picture, but also increases the cost of the optic. However, the clarity difference may not be noticed by owners using their scopes at 100 yards and less.
Close focus is the distance that the optic is capable of focusing at close range. On average, a spotting scope can focus as close as 20 feet. Anything closer than 20 feet is blurred and unfocused.
Some specialized spotting scopes are designed to focus closer distances, and this may be a requirement for you to consider.
Spotting scopes have three different types of focus adjustment devices, and each offers its advantages.
A helical focus is the most common, and it involves a collar around the scope. This collar is rotated in different directions to change the optic’s focus. It is quite easy and intuitive since it allows the user to change focus quickly and decisively.
This makes moving targets easy to focus on — perfect for birders and hunters.
Knob focus involves a turret that is rotated in different directions to change focus. It is more precise than the helical, but also slower. It is the preferred focus for taking photographs and observing stationary targets.
Rack and Pinion
Lastly, there are rack and pinion designs. These are the most common scopes designed to look at the stars. They are fast and smooth, easy to operate and precise. However, they tend to be weak and open failure points when used outdoors.
If you are planning to use your spotting optic for rough outdoor activities, a more robust design is ideal. Activities like hunting expose the scope to a rugged environment, whereas birding or nature observation is less stressful on the unit.
A rugged unit may use a rubber armor coating or thicker and strong aluminum design. This adds weight to the system but protects the fragile internal of a spotting scope. Rugged scopes are most likely waterproof. A standard or nonrugged unit is lighter and usually more affordable as well.
A tripod is essential to use a spotting scope effectively. If you are on a budget, it is suggested to get a scope that comes with a tripod since not all of the brands or models has one initially. You may also need to replace the tripod to fit your ideal use of the scope.
Some tripods allow the user to stand to use the scope. Others are designed to work from the prone of bench rest sitting position. Before you purchase a tripod, determine the position that the spotting scope is in. It’s important to choose the right size of the tripod, or you may find using the scope very uncomfortable.
Also, a cheap tripod and a heavy spotting scope can create shifting and be shaking which can be frustrating. If you invest in a quality scope do yourself a favor and invest in a quality tripod.
Swarovski manufactures excellent optics, and the company prides themselves on producing high-quality spotting scopes. These scopes are often modular and provide the user with different options for scoping nature out.
Their ATX / STX spotting scopes can be swapped between an angled and straight lens at home. They also provide first rate support for digiscoping and make a variety of mounts to allow you to turn it into a camera lens.
Swarovski optics is genuinely well made, and some models provide fields of view of over a hundred feet wide. Their lenses and glass are some of the best in the world and give the user a very clear picture, even in the early morning and early evening.
If you are planning to use a spotting scope in low light conditions, this is the perfect model. They call this Swarovision technology, and it provides the maximum color fidelity and clarity on the current market. Their units are light as well, which makes them ideal for extended hikes.
The biggest downside is its price. You are getting the highest quality out there, but you’re also paying a hefty price for it. Another is the short eye relief associated with Swarovski optics doesn’t leave you much room to play around with. This can create uncomfortable positions if your tripod or base isn’t just high enough.
Vortex is an American company that has been producing optics for quite some time. The name Vortex is new due to a rebranding of the enterprise. However, their quality hasn’t dipped in the slightest.
The spotting scopes they produce come in three distinct tiers. The Diamondback, the Viper, and the Razor. Each one of these optics comes at a different price level and offers different features and levels of quality.
At their base level, each Vortex optic is well made and protected. They are designed for heavy outdoor use and are sealed against water, dust, and debris. As a hunter, I’d pack a Vortex spotting scope. They are fully multi-coated to provide better light transmission, but also to protect the lens from minor abrasions.
As you’d imagine, picture quality change among models. The Razor HD provides a stunning picture that’s bright, clear and consistent at any range. The other two lower tiered models tend to become a bit blurry at higher magnifications; to the point that you can’t determine what you’re looking at.
A common theme among all three models is weight. Vortex’s spotting scopes are heavier than most. This is due to the heavy duty construction and being built for the great outdoors.
Their optics comes with carrying cases, but the Diamondback’s case leaves something to be desired and needs an upgrade in my opinion.
Leupold as a scope company is a legend among riflemen looking for a high-quality rifle scope. Their spotting scope line isn’t new but certainly doesn’t get the attention it deserves. Their line is split into three different categories and two different tiers.
The GR and Kenai are their premium spotting scopes, and their base model is the SX-1. Leupold offers a lot of different optics, magnifications, and overall sizes in these categories as well. Their extensive selection allows you to choose one that is tailored to your style of spotting.
They offer a clean and consistent picture at maximum magnification with their spotting scopes. Rarely does anything appear blurry or dim. Spotting deer-sized objects out to a six or seven hundred yards is easy with most of the Kenai and GR models; the SX-1 falls a little behind here. You can see the object, but not clearly.
However, at its price the SX-1 delivers a pretty clear picture and is consistent with other spotting scopes in its price range.
The Kenai is probably the best spotting scope for hunting in their line, and the GR is certainly better for the range. The SX-1 falls in between the two and can be purposed for a variety of tasks.
The downside to Leupold optics comes from their included tripod. It’s usable, but it’s not excellent by any means. The tripod included in the kit doesn’t mesh with the high quality of the optics. It’s a little flimsy, and scuffs and scratches easily. The tilt bracket also feels all over the place when adjusting the scope.
Leupold also has a very close eye relief, which can be a minor inconvenience.
Nikon is the Walmart of optics companies. They produce and sell everything optic related, from camera lenses to spotting scopes.
Their spotting scopes are divided into vastly different lines, and they offer scopes for roughly $350 all the way up to $6,000. In between, you have a little of everything. Nikon spotting scopes are a get what you pay for the deal.
The cheaper Pro Staff models will get the job done and will allow you to see easily out to around 500 yards decently. What you’ll notice on some of the lower priced models is the disruptions around the periphery of the view field. This lowers your effective field of view.
However, what is in the center is often crystal clear.
As you work your way into the more expensive models, this disappears, and you’re left with a clear picture consistently. Among all Nikon scopes, the image stays clear in the center of the scope, regardless of the magnification. They also tend to be clear of chromatic aberration, at least in the center of the scope.
Most models allow you to change the eyepiece quickly and come with excellent tripods.
On the downside, they are all almost smooth and textureless. This makes handling them a challenge when wearing gloves or with wet or cold hands. On top of that, they are not protected from impact. I’d be afraid of breaking one of these when hiking long distances.
Spotting scopes are some of the most misunderstood optics, and navigating the different options, features, and of course, brands can be confusing. Hopefully our guide can answer most of your questions.
They aren’t as complicated as they seem. It’s as simple as understanding a few specific terms and identifying your unique needs for a spotting scope. From there explore your options, try out a few, and make an informed decision.